Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a therapeutic paradigm or communication style developed by William Miller and Stephen Rollnick that actively engages individuals in eliciting the necessary motivation and resources to make positive change. Covering the skills and components of MI is beyond the scope of this module so only the broad concepts will be reviewed here.
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The Spirit of MI refers to the primacy of the relationship between client and helper and warns against a focus on technique and theory.
Collaboration and working together is privileged over enacting hierarchies and power differentials.
Resistance/Discord does not reside in the people we seek to help but is a dynamic created between us. Our job is to meet discord with flexibility.
Ambivalence is a common experience for people wanting or needing to make change. Working directly with ambivalence by evaluating the costs and the benefits of change can be useful for all parties.
Motivational interviewing encourages compassionate alliance building while simultaneously honing a special kind of listening for the clients’ own expressed motivation for change.
The following videos provide an overview of Motivational Interviewing:
Sewing the Seeds of Motivation
Introduction to Motivational Interviewing
The following knowledge check will help you reflect further on this topic. You can take this assessment as many times as you want.